Museum of the Ancient Orient
The collections of the Ancient Orient Museum consist of artefacts from pre-Greek Anatolia and Mesopotamia and from pre-Islamic Egypt and Arabian Peninsula. Most of these artefacts were found during archaeological excavations carried out between late 19th century and the World War I, and brought to İstanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, then the ruler of those countries.
The Ancient Orient Museum consists of the sections of Pre-Islamic Arabian Art, Egypt Collection, Mesopotamia Collection, Anatolia Collection, Urartu Collection and Cuneiform Documents, arranged according to regions; the cultures of the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Mesopotamia and Anatolia have been presented in historical order.
Besides the unique artefacts such as the stele of the Akkadian King Naram-Suen, the Treaty of Kadesh and the Ishtar Gate, the Tablet Archive containing 75,000 cuneiform documents are housed in this museum.